Korean Cuisine – Things you shouldn’t miss

Korean Cuisine – Things you shouldn’t miss

Referring to Korea, in addition to the famous beautiful scenes in love and romantic movies, Korean cuisine is also what makes many people curious and infatuated by the variety of dishes, rich and passionate flavors that create create distinctive features. So let’s go with Gonatour to discover the typical things of Korean cuisine that you can’t miss when traveling in Korea!

1. History of Korean cuisine

In order to have such a rich and diverse cuisine as it is today, Korea has had to go through a process of absorption, selection and influence throughout the long history of the country’s formation and development.

In previous centuries, the majority of Koreans followed Buddhism, so the majority of them were vegetarians, limiting the slaughter of animals. However, in the 4th century, when the Mongols invaded Goryeo, they left an impression on Korean cuisine. They felt that the vegetarian diet was not enough to help soldiers fight, so in most of the wars, the Koreans lost, so they gradually turned to eating meat, because meat was the main source of help for them. abundant energy. Therefore, meat gradually became the main daily food. Besides, Koreans are also influenced by the habit of using spices from the Mongols with spices such as chili, onion, pepper, garlic, etc.

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Next, along with the introduction of Chinese culture that gradually became stronger into Korea, rice began to arrive in Korea during the time when the Korean peninsula still existed three small kingdoms, Sila, Baekje and Korea. Gogureo. However, rice at that time was still a valuable and expensive food, white rice became a luxury dish that only the elite and powerful had. As for the commoners, to save money they mixed rice with beans to cook rice. It was not until the second half of the twentieth century that rice became the main dish in daily life. After rice, noodles from China also continued to be imported into Korea. Koreans have modified Chinese noodles according to their own taste. One of them must be mentioned black soy sauce noodles – noodles that have become the pride of Koreans today.

After the invasions from Europe brought new Western ingredients to enrich Korean meals. The main spice in kimchi is chili, but chili peppers originate from the Americas. In addition to the successful introduction of chili peppers, other foods from Europe such as tomatoes, potatoes, cheese, avocados, etc. are also used a lot in Korean dishes.

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2. Some characteristics of Korean food culture

The cuisine is clearly differentiated by the seasons

Depending on the season of the year, Korean dishes also change according to the weather. Depending on the season, Koreans will use different foods to make different foods suitable for that season. In winter, the cold weather is suitable for grilled dishes, hot stewed soup, and in summer, there are cooling foods such as cold noodles or patbingsu ice cream.
Cuisine differentiated by region

Each region of Korea has its own unique characteristics, which also characterizes Korean cuisine. In each locality, there are unique specialties, highlighting the unique features of each region. For example, if you want to enjoy traditional rice wine, you must definitely go to Gyeonggi province or try the famous Bulgogi beef dish, then Ulsan city is the place you must go.

Features in the arrangement and arrangement of dishes

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In Korean culture, the arrangement of dishes is also very important. Food must be served hot after it has just been cooked, each dish must be presented separately for each plate, bowl, each person will have their own bowl of soup… The food will have 5 dishes, 5 colors, 5 different spices along with the convention of the meal, so there are 3,5,7,9 dishes with rice, kimchi, soup. The soup will be placed to the right of the rice, the side dishes will be placed in the upper row. Hot dishes and meat are placed on the right and cold dishes and vegetables are placed on the left. In the center of the table are the sauces. Chopsticks and spoon are placed to the right of the rice bowl.

Rules of eating

Due to the influence of Confucianism, the rules for arranging and organizing meals are quite strict and fussy. During the meal, the oldest person in the family is always the one to start the meal, then the rest of the family members. Before eating, you must say thank you, do not make noise when eating, do not let food fall out of the table.

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